Art Terminology

MAGIC REALISM

The term magic realism was invented by German photographer, art historian and art critic Franz Roh in 1925 to describe modern realist paintings with fantasy or dream-like subjects. The term was used by Franz Roh in his book Nach Expressionismus: Magischer Realismus (After Expressionism: Magic Realism). In Central Europe magic realism was part of the …

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MAGNUM PHOTOS

Magnum Photos is a New York based photographic co-operative founded in 1947 by four photographers, including Robert Capa and Henri Cartier-Bresson, that aims to give photographers the freedom to record what they see without having to work to the agendas of magazines and newspapers. Magnum Photos was set up by Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George …

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MAIL ART

Mail art is a movement based on the principle of sending small scale works through the postal service. Mail art began in the 1960s when artists sent postcards inscribed with poems or drawings through the post rather than exhibiting or selling them through conventional commercial channels. Its origins can be found in Marcel Duchamp and …

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MANNERIST

Mannerist is a sixteenth century style of art and design characterised by artificiality, elegance and sensuous distortion of the human figure. Mannerism is the name given to the style followers of Raphael and Michelangelo from around 1520–1600. Mannerist artists were influenced by, but also reacted to, the work of the Renaissance masters. Rather than adopting …

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MAQUETTE

A maquette is model for a larger piece of sculpture, created in order to visualise how it might look and to work out approaches and materials for how it might be made. Maquettes are often fascinating works in their own right, conveying the immediacy of the artist’s first realisation of an idea.

MARKET PHOTO WORKSHOP

Founded by the documentary photographer David Goldblatt in 1989, Market Photo Workshop was originally set up to support black photographers in apartheid South Africa, enabling them access to workshops and education and international photographers. The organisation is based in Newtown, Johannesburg where it runs a project space, a gallery and a resource centre. Initially the …

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MATTER PAINTING

Matter painting refers to the technique of using thick impasto paint into which other materials such as sand, mud, cement and shells have been added. The term appeared in the 1950s to describe the technique popularised by a group of Dutch and Belgian painters such as Bram Bogart, Jaap Wagemaker, Bert de Leeuw, René Guiette …

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