Art Terminology

ACADÉMIE COLAROSSI

The Académie Colarossi was an art school in Paris, France, established in the nineteenth century as an alternative to the official Ecole des Beaux Arts. Comparable to, but slightly less famous than its rival the Académie Julian. The Colarossi, like the Julian admitted women and allowed them to draw from the nude male model. Artists …

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ACADÉMIE JULIAN

The Académie Julian was a major alternative school to the official Ecole des Beaux Arts, especially for women who were not admitted to the Beaux Arts until 1897. Established in Paris, France in 1868 by Rodolphe Julian, the Académie Julian became a major alternative training centre to the official Ecole des Beaux Arts. Not only …

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ACADEMY

Established during the Renaissance and widespread by the seventeenth century, academies were artist-run organisations whose aim was to improve the professional standing of artists as well as to provide teaching. The first art academies appeared in Italy at the time of the Renaissance. They were groupings of artists whose aim was to improve the social …

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ACRYLIC PAINT

Acrylic paint is water-based fast-drying paint widely used by artists since the 1960s. It can be used thickly or thinly depending how much water is added to it. First made in the 1950s acrylic paint uses a synthetic resin to bind pigments. As it can be diluted with water and used thinly or thickly depending …

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ACTION PAINTERS

The term action painters is applied to artists working from the 1940s until the early 1960s whose approach to painting emphasized the physical act of painting as an essential part of the finished work. Their process, involved splashing, using gestural brushstrokes and dripping paint onto canvas rather than carefully applying it. The term ‘action painting’ …

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ACTIONISM

Actionism is the English version of the general German term for performance art, specifically used for Vienna-based group Wiener Aktionismus founded in 1962 whose actions were deliberately shocking, often including self-torture. The principal members of the group were Günter Brus, Hermann Nitsch and Rudolf Schwarzkogler. Their ‘actions’ were intended to highlight the endemic violence of …

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ACTIVIST ART

Activist art is a term used to describe art that is grounded in the act of ‘doing’ and addresses political or social issues If anything, art is… about morals, about our belief in humanity. Without that, there simply is no art. Ai Weiwei The aim of activist artists is to create art that is a …

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